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The iconography of early celts presents a collection of elements common to all ancient cultures: spirals, circles, crosses and variations on the swastika. With the advent of Christianity to celtic lands the design became more complex, and a kind of interlacing was developed. Known as the Celtic Knotwork, this pattern has a resemblance of baskets interweaving, and follow simple rules: the “up” and “down” path, the constant width and the pointed corner on turns.

The Gospels of Lindisfarne, written in circa 698 a.D. in the region of Northumbria, southern Scotland, are considered a landmark in the development of the celtic knotwork design. The patterns have animals as finials, drawn with intricacy and exceptional beauty.

In despite of all possible interpretations, there is no special meaning on celtic knotwork. It’s just recognized as a beautiful way to fill borders and empty spaces.

Today the celtic knotwork art is very popular and a symbol of national identity.

Make Celtic Knotwork
The Lindisfarne Gospels